Past Screenings

2/16/2017

STORY CITY, IA: Roland-Story Community School District

2/16/2017

SPOKANE, WA: PRIDE Prep Schools

2/10/2017

ALBUQUERQUE, NM: Acton Academy Albuquerque

Race to Nowhere Screening

2/09/2017

FORT WORTH, TX : College of Education at TCU

2/09/2017

JOHNSTON, IA: Johnston Community Schools 

2/08/2017

SEATTLE, WA: Roosevelt High School

Race to Nowhere Screening

2/08/2017

SANTIAGO, CHILE: The International School Nido de Aguilas

2/07/2017

MIAMI, FL: St. Stephen’s Episcopal Day School

2/01/2017

CAMARILLO, CA: Camarillo Council of PTAs

Race to Nowhere Screening

2/01/2017

TOLLAND, CT: Tolland Public Schools

1/25/2017

PHILADELPHIA, PA: Springside Chestnut Hill Academy

1/24/2017

SPOKANE, WA: PRIDE Prep Schools

1/23/2017

SAN DIEGO, CA: High Tech High

1/19/2017

BOULDER, CO: The Boulder Valley School District

1/19/2017

HOUSTON, TX: Travis Elementary PTA

Race to Nowhere Screening

1/12/2017

BERKELEY, CA: Mind My Education

1/12/2017

MIAMI, FL: Carrollton School of the Sacred Heart 

1/11/2017

SPOKANE, WA: PRIDE Prep Schools

1/09/2017

SPOKANE, WA: PRIDE Prep Schools

12/07/2016

SUN PRAIRIE, WI: Sun Prairie Area School District & Sun Prairie Community Schools

12/5/2016

ORANGE, NJ: Orange Public School District

11/29/2016

TACOMA, WA: Parents and Friends for Tacoma Public Schools

11/28/2016

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA: Real Time Learning Australia, Inc.

11/18/2016

WYNCOTE, PA: Cheltenham School District & the Avalon Foundation

11/17/2016

CUPERTINO, CA: Christa McAuliffe School & RHM Realty

11/16/2016

NEW ROCHELLE, NY: New Rochelle High School PTSA

11/15/2016

HAYDEN, ID: Hayden Canyon Charter & AIER

11/13/2016

SAN ANTONIO, TX: Acton Academy San Antonio

11/10/2016

MERCER ISLAND, WA: ParentMap and Stroum Jewish Community Center

11/9/2016

OTTAWA, ONTARIO: Nepean High School Auditorium

11/8/2016

NEWBURYPORT, MA: Newburyport High School Auditorium

11/3/2016

Bronx, NY: Fordham University

Race to Nowhere Screening

11/2/2016

CULVER CITY, CA: The Willows Community School

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

11/1/2016

LAGUNA NIGUEL, CA: Regency Director’s Cut Cinema at Rancho Niguel

Director/Author Vicki Abeles will be in attendance, speaking about her film and book.

11/16/2016

NEW ROCHELLE, NY: New Rochelle High School PTSA

11/15/2016

HAYDEN, ID: Hayden Canyon Charter & AIER

11/13/2016

SAN ANTONIO, TX: Acton Academy San Antonio

11/10/2016

MERCER ISLAND, WA: ParentMap and Stroum Jewish Community Center

11/9/2016

OTTAWA, ONTARIO: Nepean High School Auditorium

11/8/2016

NEWBURYPORT, MA: Newburyport High School Auditorium

11/3/2016

Bronx, NY: Fordham University

Race to Nowhere Screening

11/2/2016

CULVER CITY, CA: The Willows Community School

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

11/1/2016

LAGUNA NIGUEL, CA: Regency Director’s Cut Cinema at Rancho Niguel

Director/Author Vicki Abeles will be in attendance, speaking about her film and book.  

10/26/2016

SOUTH BURLINGTON, VT: South Burlington School District

10/26/2016

SEATTLE, WA: Seattle International Film Festival

10/25/2016

WELLESLEY, MA: Wellesley College

10/25/2016

ASHCROFT, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Desert Sands Community School

10/25/2016

ROSWELL, GA: Lee Thompson Young Foundation and Centennial High School

Race to Nowhere Screening

10/24/2016

SHALALTH, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Sk’il’ Mountain School

10/21/2016

INDIANAPOLIS, IN: The Orchard School

10/21/2016

HONOLULU, HI: Schools of the Future Conference

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

10/20/2016

CLINTON, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ David Stoddart School

10/20/2016

NEEDHAM, MA: Needham Education Foundation

10/19/2016

FOXBOROUGH, MA: Massachusetts Computer Using Educators

10/19/2016

LILLOOET, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ George M. Murray Elementary School

10/19/2016

PINE ISLAND, MN: Pine Island Schools

10/18/2016

LEXINGTON, MA: Moving Lexington Beyond Measure

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

10/18/2016

CLINTON, CT: Clinton PTA

10/18/2016

CACHE CREEK, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Cache Creek Elementary School

10/18/2016

HONOLULU, HI: Mary, Star of the Sea School and Sacred Hearts Academy

10/16/2016

CHARLOTTETOWN, PEI: Education 20/20 Inc.

10/14/2016

SEATTLE, WA: Roosevelt High School

10/13/2016

WESTFORD, MA: Westford Education Foundation & Westford Public Schools

10/13/2016

SPOKANE, WA: Alliance for Innovative Educational Redesign

10/11/2016

LYTTON, BC: School District No. 74 and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Lytton Elementary School

10/11/2016

ROSWELL, GA: Centennial High School

Race to Nowhere Screening

10/10/2016

ALLENTOWN, PA: Salisbury Township School District

10/6/2016

MONMOUTH JCT, NJ: South Brunswick Board of Education & South Brunswick Municipal Alliance

Race to Nowhere Screening

10/6/2016

SARASOTA, FL: Tatum Ridge Elementary School & PTO

10/6/2016

ASPEN, CO: Aspen Lifelong Learners

10/03/2016

MONTGOMERY, AL: Alabama Association of School Boards

9/29/2016

PARK CITY,UT: Park City Day Schools, Weilenmann School of Discovery, Park City School District, Park City Education Foundation, Park City Film Series and Picabo Street Academy

9/27/2016

CACHE CREEK, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Cache Creek Elementary School

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/24/2016

CHATSWORTH, CA: Chatsworth Hills Academy

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/22/2016

SHALALTH, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ Sk’il’ Mountain Community School

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/22/2016

MILWAUKEE, WI: Milwaukee School of Engineering

9/21/2016

LILLOOET, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ George M. Murray Elementary School

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/21/2016

BURBANK, CA: John Burroughs High School

9/20/2016

LEXINGTON, MA: Lexington High School    

(Student Screening)

9/20/2016

CLINTON, BC: School District No. 74 Gold Trail and the District Parent Advisory Council @ David Stoddart School    

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/19/2016

MANLIUS, NY: Eagle Hill Middle School      

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

9/18/2016

SAN RAFAEL, CA: Ipso Schools

9/14/2016

LEXINGTON, MA: Lexington High School

9/14/2016

NATICK, MA: SPARK Kindness, Inc. at Natick High School Auditorium

9/14/2016

CHICAGO, IL: Fusion Academy Lincoln Park
Race to Nowhere Screening

9/14/2016

SOUTH PASADENA, CA: South Pasadena Arts Council, Moms for the Community and South Pasadena Unified School District

9/13/2016

LEXINGTON, MA: Lexington High School

 (Student Screening)

9/13/2016

SAN ANSELMO, CA: Wade Thomas School

9/12/2016

UPTON, WY: Weston County School District & Upton Chamber of Commerce

9/11/2016

DANVILLE, CA: Peace Lutheran Church

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

9/8/2016

PALO ALTO, CA: reel (Resilience and Engagement for Every Learner)

9/6/2016

FORT WORTH, TX: Lil Goldman Early Learning Center

Race to Nowhere Screening

9/1/2016

ATLANTA, GA: The Galloway School

8/26/2016

MELBOURNE, VIC. AUSTRALIA: Education Changemakers with Bastow Institute of Educational Leadership

8/25/2016

INDEPENDENCE, MO: Fort Osage R-1 School District

8/17/2016

LOVELL, WY: Big Horn County School District #1

8/16/2016

LOS ANGELES, CA: dnj Gallery and Sinai Akiba Academy

8/11/2016

NAPA, CA: Napa County Library

Race to Nowhere Screening

8/10/2016

ATLANTA, GA: The Galloway School

8/9/2016

ALMA, AR: Alma School District

[/vc_row]

8/8/2016

ALMA, AR: Alma School District

8/3/2016

PORTLAND, OR : AERO Conference

7/28/2016

EL CAMPO, TX : El Campo ISD

7/12/2016

MEMPHIS, TN: Memphis Teacher Residency

7/11/2016

WALTHAM, MA: Brandeis University Education Program

6/30/2016

FORT WORTH, TX: Texas Association of School Boards Summer Leadership Institute

6/30/2016

PORTLAND, OR: Lewis and Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling

6/27/2016

LOMA LINDA, CA: Loma Linda University – EXSEED

6/22/2016

HONOLULU, HI: Punahou School

6/21/2016

AUSTIN, TX: University of Texas at Austin’s Center for STEM Education

6/21/2016

PASADENA, MD: Anne Arundel County Public Schools

6/21/2016

ELKINS PARK, PA: Cheltenham School District

6/20/2016

LOMA LINDA, CA: Loma Linda University- EXSEED

6/16/2016

SAN ANTONIO, TX: Texas Association of School Boards Summer Leadership Institute

6/15/2016

NOVATA, CA: Buck Institute for Education
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

6/15/2016

OAKLAND, ME: Messalonskee High School

6/14/2016

MAPLE CITY, MI: Glen Lake Community School

6/4/2016

REDWOOD CITY, CA: Redwood City Library

6/8/2016

PRATTVILLE, AL: Marriott Legends at Capital Hill

6/2/2016

PASCO, WA: Columbia Basin College

5/25/2016

PASCO, WA: Columbia Basin College 

Race to Nowhere Screening

5/21/2016

SANTA CLARITA, CA: College of the Canyons

5/17/2016

BELLEVUE, WA: Bellevue High School

5/17/2016

BLOOMFIELD, NJ: Bloomfield High School

5/13/2016

ORINDA, CA: Miramonte High School

5/11/2016

SPOKANE, WA: AIER (Alliance for Innovative Educational Redesign)

5/11/2016

GREENSBURG, PA: Westmoreland Intermediate Unit 

5/6/2016

EL PASO, TX: University of Texas at El Paso Engineering Education and Leadership

5/5/2016

SUNNYVALE, CA: Google Beyond Measure Book Talk

Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

5/2/2016

LAGUNA NIGUEL, CA: Sea Country Community Center

4/28/2016

SANTA BARBARA, CA: Santa Barbara Middle School

4/28/2016

LOS ANGELES, CA: SAG-AFTRA Foundation Screening Room

4/28/2016

SIGNAL HILL, CA: Dramatic Results Studio

4/28/2016

WATERFORD, MI: Oakland Schools

4/28/2016

BELLEVUE, WA: Open Window School

4/26/2016

BERKELEY, CA: Escuela Bilingue Internacional

4/26/2016

WESTON, MA: Weston High School

4/25/2016

JANESVILLE, MN: Janesville-Waldorf Pemberton High School

4/25/2016

LA JOLLA, CA: La Jolla High School

4/25/2016

SAN FRANCISCO, CA: Bayshore Elementary School District

4/22/2016

RICHMOND, BC: Matthew McNair Secondary School

4/21/2016

PALO ALTO, CA: The Children’s School of Art & Science

4/21/2016

HENRICO, VA: Richmond Montessori School

4/21/2016

SIGNAL HILL, CA: Signal Hill Public Library
Race to Nowhere Screening

4/20/2016

LAGUNA NIGUEL, CA: Meet and Greet
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/19/2016

COSTA MESA, CA: South Coast Village Regency Theater
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/19/2016

LAGUNA NIGUEL, CA: Sea Country Community Center
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/15/2016

ST. LOUIS, MO: Mehlville School District

4/15/2016

RALEIGH, NC: Network for Public Education Action Conference

4/13/2016

DURHAM, NC: North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics
Race to Nowhere Screening

4/12/2016

JERSEY CITY, NJ: St. Peter’s University

4/7/2016

BRONXVILLE, NY: Sarah Lawrence College
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/7/2016

GARDEN GROVE, CA: Academic Resource Conference

4/6/2016

SCARSDALE, NY: Scarsdale Middle School Presentation by Vicki Abeles
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/4/2016

OVERLAND PARK, KS: Keynote Speaker at the Missouri Association for College Admission Counseling Conference
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

4/3/2016

OVERLAND PARK, KS: Missouri Association for College Admission Counseling Conference
Race to Nowhere Screening

4/2/2016

CABOT, VT: Cabot School Performing Arts Center

4/1/2016

WYNCOTE, PA: Cheltenham School District

3/30/2016

SCARSDALE, NY: Scarsdale Public Library
Race to Nowhere Screening

3/30/2016

KELOWNA, BRITISH COLUMBIA: Okanagan School District

3/28/2016

MONTCLAIR, NJ: Montclair State University

3/28/2016

LOCUST VALLEY, NY: Friends Academy

3/28/2016

MILL VALLEY, CA: Speak to Me

3/22/2016

DECATUR, GA: Montessori Administrators of Georgia

3/19/2016

NEW YORK CITY, NY: The Earth School

3/18/2016

FREMONT, CA: Irvington High School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

3/17/2016

NORTH CONWAY, NH: Kennett High School

3/15/2016

WALTHAM, MA: The Carroll School

3/15/2016

PELHAM, NY: Pelham PACT Coalition

3/14/2016

LARKSPUR, CA: Larkspur-Corte Madera School District

3/12/2016

OAK PARK, IL: The Lake Theater
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

3/12/2016

PORTLAND, OR: Revolution Hall

3/11/2016

BOCA RATON, FL: Donna Klein Jewish Academy

3/10/2016

GREENVILLE, SC: South Carolina Governor’s School For The Arts & Humanities

3/10/2016

NEEDHAM, MA: Olin College of Engineering
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

3/9/2016

FRAMINGHAM, MA: Framingham Public Schools
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

3/7/2016

ISLIP TERRACE, NY: East Islip High School

3/7/2016

OLD WESTBURY, NY: The Wheatley School

3/4/2016

NORRIDGE, IL: Ridgewood High School

3/3/2016

SAN DIEGO, CA: Sundance Elementary

3/2/2016

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, MI: Bloomfield Hills High School

3/2/2016

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, MI: Bloomfield Hills High School

3/2/2016

HIGHLANDS RANCH, CO: Mountain Vista High School

3/2/2016

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, MI: Bloomfield Hills High School

3/2/2016

PORT WASHINGTON, NY: Landmark on Main Street

3/1/2016

BRAINTREE, MA: Thayer Academy

2/29/2016

SAN LUIS OBISPO, CA: Cal Poly University

2/26/2016

BIRMINGHAM, AL: Hilltop Montessori

2/25/2016

GREENVILLE, SC: Buncombe Street United Methodist Church

2/25/2016

CORPUS CHRISTI, TX: Texas Association of School Boards Winter Governance

2/25/2016

LONG BEACH, CA: Intellectual Virtues Academy

2/24/2016

BROOMALL, PA: St. Luke Greek Orthodox Church

2/24/2016

MIAMI, FL: University of Miami

2/24/2016

SAN FRANCISCO, CA: Brightworks School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

2/24/2016

NEWTOWN, PA: Bucks County Community College

2/23/2016

CUPERTINO, CA: BlueLight Cinemas

2/23/2016

ST. PAUL, MN: Minnesota Waldorf School

2/20/2016

PRINCETON, NJ: Princeton Church of Christ

2/18/2016

SEATTLE, WA: University Preparatory Academy

2/18/2016

ST. PETERSBURG, FL: Alfred Adler Charter School

2/18/2016

MIDDLETOWN, IL: New Holland-Middletown Elementary School

2/16/2016

DUBLIN, CA: Dublin High School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

2/11/2016

PHOENIX, AZ: The School Superintendents Association
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

2/10/2016

BEVERLY HILLS, CA: Horace Mann Elementary School

2/9/2016

LARKSPUR, CA: The Lark Theater
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

2/9/2016

MIAMI BEACH, FL: Miami Beach JCC

2/8/2016

MOUNT VERNON, NY: Davis Middle School

2/4/2016

AMBOY, IL: Amboy High School

2/4/2016

PHOENIX, AZ: Desert Garden Montessori School

2/3/2016

NEWBURYPORT, MA: River Valley Charter School

2/2/2016

ORINDA, CA: Glorietta Elementary School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

1/30/2016

NEW HAVEN, CT: Hill Regional Career High School

1/29/2016

HOLLIS, NH: Hollis Montessori School

1/28/2016

OTTAWA, ON: St. Paul University

1/28/2016

SEATTLE, WA: Garfield High School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

1/27/2016

TUSCON, AZ: University of Arizona

1/27/2016

SANTA MONICA, CA: The ArcLight Theater
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance
Panel Including Jonathan Mooney & Pedro Noguera

1/26/2016

NEW YORK, NY: Montclare Children’s School

1/21/2016

CONCORD, MA: The Fenn School

1/21/2016

AUSTIN, TX: Lake Travis STEM Academy

1/21/2016

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, MI: The Academy of the Sacred Heart

1/14/2016

PHOENIX, AZ: Summit School of Ahwatukee

1/14/2016

LOS ALTOS HILLS, CA: Gardner Bullis Elementary School
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

1/13/2016

NEW YORK, NY: Manhattan Comprehensive Night & Day School

1/12/2016

PORT JEFFERSON STATION, NY: Comsewogue High School

1/12/2016

ATLANTA, GA: Chabad Georgia

1/7/2016

CAMBRIDGE, MA: Prospect Hill Academy Charter School

1/6/2016

CLEARWATER, FL: The Murray Theater

12/10/2015

CARDIFF, CA: Seaside Center for Spiritual Living

12/8/2015

WYNNEWOOD, PA: Friends’ Central School

12/8/2015

ATLANTA, GA: The Cinefest Theater

12/4/2015

BOULDER, CO: Platt Middle School

12/3/2015

CAPE ELIZABETH, ME: Cape Elizabeth High School

12/2/2015

CUMBERLAND, BC: Cumberland Community School

12/2/2015

HARTFORD, CT: Trinity College

12/2/2015

MADISON, WI: The Barrymore Theater

12/1/2015

SEATTLE, WA: The University of Washington

12/1/2015

LOS ANGELES, CA: The Crest Theater

12/1/2015

CANAAN, NH: Cardigan Mountain School

11/30/2015

HILLSDALE, NJ: Pascack Valley Regional High School

11/30/2015

CADIZ, KY: Trigg County High School

11/24/2015

SCARSDALE, NY: JCC of Mid-Westchester

11/23/2015

MAPLEWOOD, NJ: [Words] Bookstore: Book Talk & Signing
Director/Author Vicki Abeles in Attendance

11/20/2015

HACKENSACK, NJ: The Bergen County Academies Auditorium

11/19/2015

VALLEY VILLAGE, CA: Adat Ari El Day School

11/18/2015

CHANHASSEN, MN: Chanhassen High School

11/18/2015

LONGMEADOW, MA: Bay Path University

11/18/2015

COLORADO SPRINGS, CO: Community Prep School

11/17/2015

CHICAGO, IL: Walter Payton College Preparatory Academy

11/17/2015

EAST SETAUKET: Setauket Elementary School

11/16/2015

CAMDEN, ME: The Camden Opera House

11/12/2015

PLEASANTON, CA: Amador Valley High School

11/12/2015

NEW YORK, NY: The Village Community School

11/12/2015

EATONTOWN, NJ: Voyagers’ Community School

11/10/2015

ENCINITAS, CA: La Paloma Theater

11/10/2015

ENCINITAS, CA: La Paloma Theater

11/10/2015

MONTGOMERY, AL: The Montgomery Academy

11/9/2015

ALPHARETTA, GA: Milton High School

11/8/2015

FOX POINT, WI: North Shore Congregational Church

11/6/2015

BLOOMINGTON, IN: Indiana University

11/5/2015

NEW YORK, NY: PS/IS 276 Battery Park City School

11/5/2015

OAKLAND, CA: Montclair Elementary School

11/5/2015

LIBERTY, MO: William Jewell College

11/4/2015

SAN JOSE, CA: Almaden Country School

11/4/2015

LOS ANGELES, CA: The Crest Theater

11/3/2015

CHICAGO, IL: Jones College Preparatory High School

11/3/2015

SAN ANTONIO, TX: The Alamo Drafthouse

11/2/2015

CHEVY CHASE, MD: The Oneness-Family School

10/28/2015

CHICAGO, IL: A.N. Pritzker Elementary School

10/27/2015

WEST VANCOUVER, BC: Kay Meek Centre

10/27/2015

DANVILLE, CA: San Ramon Valley High School

10/28/2015

BASKING RIDGE, NJ: The Pingry School

10/26/2015

PARK CITY, UT: Jim Santy Auditorium

10/25/2015

DAVIDSON, NC: Davidson College

10/25/2015

ANNAPOLIS, MD: Annapolis High School

10/24/2015

ANN ARBOR, MI: The Clonlara School

10/24/2015

BEND, OR: Mountain View High School

10/24/2015

INDIANAPOLIS, IN: Heartland Film Festival

10/23/2015

STONY BROOK, NY: Stony Brook University

10/23/2015

INDIANAPOLIS, IN: Heartland Film Festival

10/23/2015

CASTAIC, CA: Santa Clarita Valley Charter School

10/23/2015

SAINT LOUIS, MO: Saint Louis University

10/22/2015

BEVERLY, MA: Waldorf School at Moraine Farm

10/22/2015

RUMSON, NJ: The Rumson Country Day School

10/22/2015

PARADISE VALLEY, AZ: The Tesseract School

10/22/2015

BIRMINGHAM, MI: Birmingham Seaholm High School

10/21/2015

AVON, CT: Avon High School

10/21/2015

WALDWICK, NJ: The Village School

10/21/2015

SAN RAFAEL, CA: Mill Valley Film Festival

10/21/2015

ATLANTA, GA: North Atlanta High School

10/20/2015

PRINCETON, NJ: John Witherspoon Middle School

10/20/2015

BELMONT, CA: Carlmont High School

10/20/2015

TUCSON, AZ: The Loft Cinema

10/20/2015

INDIANAPOLIS, IN: Heartland Film Festival

10/20/2015

MEADVILLE, PA: Allegheny College

10/20/2015

AVON, CT: Talcott Mountain Academy

10/19/2015

BOULDER, CO: Platt Middle School

10/17/2015

INDIANAPOLIS, IN: Heartland Film Festival

10/17/2015

SAN RAFAEL, CA: Mill Valley Film Festival

10/16/2015

ATLANTA, GA: Character Education Partnership

10/11/2015

SAN RAFAEL, CA: Mill Valley Film Festival